Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease affecting the myelin sheath of the nerve fibers of the white matter of the brain. The loss of this myelin sheath causes a slowing down of the nerve transmission, which results in a decrease in motor response which can go as far as complete inhibition of certain limbs of the body. The average age at which the first symptoms appear is 30 years. Women are nearly twice as likely to develop the disease than men.
Several motor symptoms are present in patients with MS, such as numbness, weakness in one or more limbs, abnormal fatigue, tremors, difficulty controlling movement, loss of balance, speech issues (dysarthria), cerebellar ataxia, etc.
MS occurs in four different forms and the symptoms vary according to these:
- The benign form: It does not worsen over time and does not cause permanent disability.
- Recurrent remittent form: It is characterized by episodes of relapses and remissions. During the latter, the symptoms do not resolve completely leading to disabilities whose severity varies from one person to another. The relapses are more frequent, often more severe than in the benign form and grow from one episode to another.
- The progressive secondary form: In this form, the relapses are more severe, the remissions are incomplete and shorten to eventually disappear. The condition of the affected person deteriorates gradually resulting in an accumulation of neurological signs and symptoms. The course of the disease is regular and progressive.
- Progressive primary form: The disease begins with a slow but gradual onset of neurological deficits. There are no episodes of relapse in this form. Problems appear gradually and increase with time. It is the most aggressive form of the disease.
Exercise and Illness
Physical activity in people with MS has been shown to have positive effects on balance, walking, depression, and fatigue . An adapted plan makes it possible to delay the appearance of certain symptoms and to preserve patients’ autonomy thus making it possible to improve the quality of life of people with MS. By following cardiovascular and weight training programs, it is possible to reduce fatigue and improve quality of life after a period of 3-6 months [2, 3]. Given the variability of symptoms and phases of the disease, a NeuroMotrix personalized training will allow you to better meet these specific needs.
Let us develop a program that addresses the challenges posed by your health and feel the benefits of being active!
- Motl, R.W. and B.M. Sandroff, Benefits of Exercise Training in Multiple Sclerosis. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep, 2015. 15(9): p. 585.
- McCullagh, R., A.P. Fitzgerald, R.P. Murphy, and G. Cooke, Long-term benefits of exercising on quality of life and fatigue in multiple sclerosis patients with mild disability: a pilot study. Clin Rehabil, 2008. 22(3): p. 206-14.
- Kerling, A., K. Keweloh, U. Tegtbur, M. Kuck, L. Grams, H. Horstmann, and A. Windhagen, Effects of a Short Physical Exercise Intervention on Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Int J Mol Sci, 2015. 16(7): p. 15761-75.