Alzheimer’s disease

Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive and neurodegenerative brain disease. It is the most common form of dementia and usually occurs after 65 years of age. It is characterized by a decrease in the number of neurons, especially at the cortical level. In the affected brain, there are neurofibrillary degenerations within the neurons and, outside the neurons, senile plaques.

Symptoms

Although Alzheimer’s disease is more often associated with memory loss, its symptoms are multiple. It is true that memory and mental abilities are affected, and it is often these symptoms that are the early symptoms of the disease. However, as the disease progresses, other symptoms may occur, including language impairment, temporal and spatial disorientation, decreased judgment, attention deficit, agitation and aggressiveness. Some people with this disease will also have episodes of delusions, hallucinations and sleep disorders. Even though the symptoms vary from one person to another, what they have in common is an increasing difficulty in accomplishing tasks of everyday life and, consequently, a loss of autonomy that grows with the course of the disease. It goes without saying that the quality of life of these people, and those around them, can be rapidly affected.

Exercise and Illness

It is now recognized that physical activity can, along with other healthy lifestyles, help curb or even prevent the development of Alzheimer’s disease [1]. Age being the main risk factor for this disease, this should encourage all of us who will grow old one day to be active! That said, physical activity also has significant positive effects on people affected, and that’s where NeuroMotrix comes in. It has been demonstrated that regular physical activity can significantly improve the ability of people to perform their daily tasks [2, 3], thus regaining a certain degree of autonomy. In addition, physical activity can have a positive effect on cognitive abilities by slowing down their decline [3, 4]. This property of physical activity could be increased when combined with cognitive stimulation exercises [5], which NeuroMotrix trainers are able to offer.

Let us develop a program that addresses the challenges posed by your health and feel the benefits of being active!

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Sources

  1. Rolland, Y., Activité physique et maladie d’Alzheimer. Les cahiers de l’année gérontologique, 2010. 2(1): p. 24-29.
  2. Rao, A.K., A. Chou, B. Bursley, J. Smulofsky, and J. Jezequel, Systematic review of the effects of exercise on activities of daily living in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Am J Occup Ther, 2014. 68(1): p. 50-6.
  3. Hernandez, S.S., P.F. Sandreschi, F.C. Silva, B.A. Arancibia, R. da Silva, P.J. Gutierres, and A. Andrade, What are the Benefits of Exercise for Alzheimer s Disease? A Systematic Review of Past 10 Years. J Aging Phys Act, 2014.
  4. Farina, N., J. Rusted, and N. Tabet, The effect of exercise interventions on cognitive outcome in Alzheimer’s disease: a systematic review. Int Psychogeriatr, 2014. 26(1): p. 9-18.
  5. Penrose, F.K., Can Exercise Affect Cognitive Functioning in Alzheimer’s Disease? A Review of the Literature. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 2005. 29(4).

 

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